viernes, 12 de mayo de 2017

Mixed race Jamaican school children

Historically, people chose couples who lived within a 15 mile radius, but in the early 1900s, Americans married people of different races, religions, and ethnicities. Demographic changes - including the exodus from the farm to the city and the influx of new immigrants - and the growing use of motor vehicles and telephones stimulated the mix.

In 1908, George Shull in the experimental evolutionary season, Cold Spring Harbor, showed that crossing different strains of maize produced a more vigorous hybrid. The application of this model to human biology provoked a debate between eugenics. Shull's adviser, Charles Davenport, could not completely ignore his work, and even found some evidence of greater vigor among Jamaica's mixed race. However, he came to the conclusion that the cruise race led to "disharmony" behavior.

However, Shull's work was lost in the vast majority of secular eugenics who subscribed to the biblical notion of "like unto the like" and believed that miscegenation (mixture of races) produced undesirable mestizos. In his influential book, The Passing of the Great Race, Madison Grant warned that racial mixing was "a social and racial crime" that would lead to the disappearance of white civilization. 

The eugenicists emphasized the True hereditary differences between races and ignored the pseudo-socioeconomic variables that couldn't explain the differences of behavior and customs. Thus, the eugenics concept of the degenerate inheritance provided a scientific glow to the ancient knowledge.

Laws against interracial marriage had existed in some states since colonial times, but the number rose after the Civil War. Charles Davenport's compilation of state laws limiting the selection of marriages in 1913 showed that 29 states had laws prohibiting mixed marriages. Twenty-two states had severe penalties for miscegenation - fines of up to $ 2,000 and / or prison terms of up to 10 years. The eugenicists actively supported the strengthening of the old laws and the promulgation of new laws. Virginia's law of integrity inspired by eugenics in 1924 banned marriage between a white person and anyone with a blood trail other than Caucasian. The law was repealed, along with all other anti-miscegenation laws, in 1967.

(Source: votar