viernes, 9 de febrero de 2024

Why do some black people believe that black Africans founded China and many Native American Civilizations such as the Olmec?


The original modern peoples in Eurasia interbred with the Neanderthals in the Middle East, then later with other hominids and the Denisovan in Eastern, Southern Asia. All Eurasians carry ancient Neanderthal DNA. 


Why do some people of West African origin (Black American supremacists) claim connection to Ancient Mesoamericans (Olmecs)?



What is the theory that Native Americans were racially Black?


There is no such theory (“theory” in a scientific sense). There are just vague assumptions, conspirationist websites and fringe hypotheses (yes, a hypothesis, not a theory, because it’s not backed up by scientific evidences produced and peer-reviewed by several scientists).

As far as I have seen, it’s mostly based on some few very arguable “scientific” evidences:

1) some paintings and sculptures of Pre-Columbian America that they think “look quite like black people” (very subjective and, considering the stylized and definitely not hyper-realistic art of Native Americans, possibly quite misleading);

2) some accounts by the first European travellers about “black-skinned people” (maybe someone who has actually seen sun-exposed Native Americans of tropical Latin America would not be surprised by Europeans, who had never known about their existence, saying that those Amerindians had “black skin”, because it is indeed a lot darker than anything they could find back in Europe);


Why did black people get enslaved so much more than native Americans in the US (or it appears so)?


The natives died.

There were early, and indeed ongoing, attempts to press natives into service, from Columbus and the Taino to the mission system in California. They didn’t work. First, native captives tended not to end up far from home. If they managed to escape their captors, they were in familiar terrain and could often find their way to friends and relatives. African captives didn’t have anywhere to go.

Moreover, they put a lot of indigenous people together in close proximity to one another and to European settlers. This made them hotbeds for imported diseases. Africans were no more vulnerable to these diseases than Europeans, but indigenous Americans died in droves. Any population of natives quickly dwindled away to nothing, which meant they couldn’t provide a reliable source of labor, so colonists turned to Africa as the nearest source of forced labor.


Are blacks the true native Americans?


The claim that "blacks are the true Native Americans" is not supported by the current consensus in anthropology, archaeology, and genetic research. Native Americans are generally understood to be the descendants of people who migrated from Siberia across the Bering land bridge more than 15,000 years ago. These early migrants are not believed to have been of African descent, according to genetic and archaeological evidence:

  1. Genetic Evidence: DNA studies show that Native Americans are more closely related to modern East Asians and Siberians than to any populations in Africa.
  2. Archaeological Evidence: Early artifacts and remains found in the Americas also support the Siberian origin theory.
  3. Linguistic Evidence: Native American languages also show no significant ties to any African languages.
  4. Historical Records: There is no credible historical record or evidence to support the claim that Africans were the original inhabitants of the Americas.
  5. Cultural Practices: Native American and African cultures are distinct in many ways, including language, customs, and traditional practices, further suggesting separate origins.



The genomic landscape of Mexican Indigenous populations brings insights into the peopling of the Americas


Mexico has long acted as a natural bridge for human migration from North America to Central and South America and vice versa. Together with historical events, these movements have been crucial in shaping the genetic makeup and structure of populations in the Americas1,2,3,4,5. There has been great interest in understanding the genetic structure of Native American populations, partly because studying these populations has been helpful in elucidating aspects of the global dispersal of modern humans2,4,5,6. Today, the 68 recognized ethnic groups in Mexico are clustered into 11 linguistic families7, with unique customs and cultures. These populations can be divided into two main geographic/cultural areas: Mesoamerica and Aridoamerica. Mesoamerica comprised central and southern Mexico, and during the pre-Hispanic era was inhabited by sedentary agricultural societies favored by the great biodiversity of this region. Aridoamerica encompassed a semiarid area in northern Mexico that preserved nomadic forms of subsistence throughout the pre-Hispanic era.


Inference of Ancient Black Mexican Tribes and DNA


Meso-America is the geographical name for Mexico and the countries of Central America. Today
people believe that the Blacks of Mexico and the Blacks of Guatemala, Hondurus and Belize are the
descendants of Sub-Saharan African (SSA) slaves taken to Mexico during the Atlantic Slave trade.
Researchers have suggested that Sub-Saharan Africans (SSA) were among the first Americans (1-
6). Spanish explorers found Sub-Saharan African communities in Mexico when they arrived (1,7).
Sub-Saharan Africans were living in Mexico in 1492 (1-2). These SSA were trading with the mongoloid
Amerindians, in addition to having their own settlements in the Americas. Amerigo Vespucci
met African merchants on their way back to West Africa in the Middle of the Atlantic Ocean (7).
Much of what we know about African nautical sciences comes from Vaco da Gama. Vasco da Gama
is said to have found information about the West Indies from Ahmad b. Majid, a West African he met
during his travels along the West Coast of Africa (8). Da Gama claimed that ibn Majid wrote a
handbook of navigation on the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, Sea of Southern
China and the waters around the West Indian Islands. Majid is also said to be the inventor of the
compass (8-9). votar

sábado, 6 de enero de 2024

Proto-Indo-Europeans –Gods and Religions and Evolution of Mythologies


PIE People:
We need to understand and define the word “Proto-Indo- European, often used
by the scientists and historians of various disciplines to describe the group of ancestral
prehistoric people, who may have spoken an unrecorded and therefore unwritten language
that created archaic daughter and present Granddaughter languages, spoken in Europe, Baltic region,
Russia, South Asian subcontinent and ancient Persia. They may have used some basic vocabulary to
communicate within their family and surrounding community, and as population expanded
they included nearby tribes. The common activities like hunting, trading and fighting involved
the contacts for exchanges, communications and relationships. This is a linguist construct by
comparing the roots words of existing known languages spoken by Indo-European (Caucasian) people.